As a parent, installing a car seat can be a nerve-wracking experience. Above all, you want your child to be safe and secure, so making sure the child safety seat is installed correctly is top priority. Unfortunately, research shows that the majority of parents are prone to make these most common car seat mistakes, even if unintended.The numbers are striking. Parents fail to use or install child seats correctly 59 percent of the time, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). When broken down by type, forward-facing seats are most misused, at 61 percent. Rear-facing infant child safety seats follow close behind, with a 49 percent misuse rate.But you can avoid misusing your child safety seat with education and training. A 2000 study published by the American Academy of Pediatrics found that parents who receive hands-on instruction on how to install car seats are far less likely to make any errors. If you need installation help or training, you could contact a certified child passenger safety technician through the National Child Passenger Safety Technicians website. You could visit NHTSA’s website for tipsand advice on how to use car seats and booster sets.
Only 5 percent of families made no mistakes when using child safety seats, according to a study published last year in the Journal of Pediatrics. Of those car seats that were misused, researchers found that 77 percent had installation errors, with parents failing to properly use either a seat belt or lower anchors to secure the seat. Among other issues, incorrect installation can cause the child safety seat to move more than an inch side-to-side (44 percent were shown to do so, according to the study), which can be dangerous for your child.Dr. Benjamin Hoffman, author of the Journal of Pediatrics study, told Parents,If there is more than 1 inch, the seat moves, allowing the crash forces to be transmitted to the baby, not the car or the seat itself, and leads to injury.
The American Academy of Pediatrics now recommends that kids stay rear-facing until they reach the maximum height and weight set by the manufacturer. And adhering to this rule matters: A 2007 Injury Prevention study discovered that children under 2 years old were far more likely to be injured or die in a car accident if they are sitting in a front-facing seat. In particular, rear-facing seats were found to be 15 percent more effective in preventing injury or death than front-facing seats.
And, two out of five seats are placed at an incorrect recline angle, according to last year’s Journal of Pediatrics study. On the surface, an improper recline may not seem as dangerous as other installation issues, but according to Hoffman, it can cause significant problems. He told Parents,A number of studies have shown that an incorrect angle of recline can lead to injury to babies, especially if too upright, as the baby’s head can flop forward and obstruct the airway.
The middle of the back seat is the safest place for all children under 13 years old to ride, according to the Safe Ride 4 Kids. But that’s not always possible because some vehicle back seats may be too narrow or uneven, or do not have lower anchors for the middle section. The AAP recommends that parents place the safety seat where it be installed tightly and properly. And that may mean the rear passenger seat as opposed to the center rear seat.
A snug harness is important to your child’s safety. But most parents fail to make sure the harness is tight enough for their child. In fact, 69 percent of babies had loose harness straps, according to the Journal of Pediatrics study. One-third of parents also used the incorrect harness slot, which affected the security of the harness. It may seem like the harness is too tight, but that’s OK. According to Safe 4 Kids, a snug harness prevents your child from becoming unrestrained and minimizes injury during a crash.Also, a child could face serious injury when the harness retainer clip is in the wrong spot. Hoffman told Parents,Having a chest clip too low can allow the baby to slump, and there have been cases of strangulation as a result.Any parent can make any one of these car seat mistakes, but it’s important to avoid these issues as much as possible. Reach out to a certified technician or check out the NHTSA for tips on how to properly use your child safety seat.
John is a Jacksonville native who grew up on the First Coast. He graduated from Bishop Kenny High School in 1975 and went to college at Florida State University where he completed a 4-year program in 3 years. John graduated from the Florida State University College of Business in 1978 and went straight into Florida State University College of Law. While in law school, John earned a position on the prestigious Law Review Board serving as its Business Editor. As a law student, John studied in the Oxford program. He also interned with the Florida Legislature working in the Florida House of Representatives Criminal Justice Committee. John was admitted to the Florida Bar in 1981.
John began his legal career as a law school intern in the State Attorney's Office in Jacksonville in 1981. After his internship, legendary State Attorney Ed Austin hired John as a full-time Assistant State Attorney for the Fourth Judicial Circuit (Clay, Duval, and Nassau Counties). As a prosecutor, John tried jury and non-jury trial on charges ranging from DUI to Murder.
In 1983, John moved from the State Attorney's Office to begin his career in private practice. He has practiced law for 30 years on the First Coast. For the last 20 years, John and his family have made Clay County their home.
John limits his practice to personal injury and disability cases. While there are many fine attorneys in Clay County, John is one of only a few Clay County attorneys who limit their practice to personal injury and disability cases. John takes pride in helping clients resolve injury claims in ways that avoid the stress, uncertainty, and the expense of unnecessary litigation.
John is the past President of the Clay County Bar Association and has served on the Board of the Clay County Bar Association from 2009-2013. He is an active member of the Florida Bar, and the Federal Bar of the Middle and Southern Districts of Florida. He is also a member of the American Association of Justice, the Florida Association of Justice, the National Organization of Social Security Claimants' Representatives, and the National Organization of Veterans' Advocates.
Service to the Community
John is involved in the Clay County Community serving as a member and Director of the Rotary Club of Orange Park, of the Clay County Bar Association, and the Putnam County Bar Association.
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